Industrial Light Fixture

Industrial Light Fixture

As soon as we moved into the house we remove those oversized fans. They just made our dining and living rooms looking even smaller and congested.

Dining room before

The question of what would be in place of the fan that we removed remained open, and we decided not to worry about it before the major renovations were done. 
The idea of this light fixture came along spontaneously. As we were putting together our dining room, we would make regular visits to the local Home Depot. During one of our regular runs to the store, Dmitri called me to come over to the isle he was hanging around. 
When I came, I saw plumbing pipe pieces laying on the floor representing I-have-no-idea-what. Then he explained it that the figure represented the light fixture he got an idea for.

I was skeptical about it as it didn’t look impressive at all.
When we got home Dmitri did a sketch of his idea as I liked it. Especially for its industrial flair that would match our beams.

Dining room idea drawing

It is very quick, fun, easy, and budget-friendly (we spent ~$180 on parts) light fixture that will make a bold statement.

There are really lots of ways to connect all fittings and feed the wires. You can make yours of any shape, size, and color you like. The wires are coming in many different fun colors. You can absolutely improvise. However, if you like this exact light fixture you can follow this step-by-step instructions.

Please note, Dmitri has some experience with electricity, so he did all the wiring by himself. However, if you are not comfortable with that, find someone who can do it for you or at least consult you.

Parts we used:

  1. Black steel piping and fittings
    a.  1 ½” floor flange - 1pc
    b.  1 ½” x 1 ¼” bushing -1 pc
    c.  1 ¼” x 1” bushing - 1pc
    d.  1” x 1” union - 1pc
    e.  1” x 1” x ¾” tee - 3pc
    f.   1” x 1” x 1” tee - 2pc
    g.  1” x 4” nipple -  9pc (you will see 8 at the picture…  It is just because we miscounted         it in the store)
    h.  ¾” x 3” nipple - 3pc
    i.  1” elbow         - 3pc
    j.  ¾” elbow        - 3pc
Black pipe fittings

2. Hardware
    a.  ½” x 6” lag screws

Lag screws

3.  Electrical Supplies
     a.  2-CONDUCTOR 18-GAUGE RED COTTON TWISTED WIRE   - 30’
     b.  Lamp socket black - 6pc
     c.   Incandescent bulb - 6pc

1.    Prepare

The new black iron piping pieces are coming coated with machine oil. So before assembling them into the light fixture we cleaned them using regular dish soap and warm water. Then we let them air dry. You can also use paper towel or dry rag to dry them. 

When we assembled our light fixture we did not have this blog in mind, so we weren’t taking thorough step-by-step pictures. For the purpose of this post we will replicate this light fixture with exact the same piping, however, instead of wires we will use just plain thin ropes.

Pre-cut the wires to desired length before feeding them through the pipes. For our size light fixture we pre-cut the wires to 5’ each. The length will depend on the lamp size and your preferences. Make sure you leave enough whip on a wire for electrical connection on both ends (ceiling box and bulb socket). 

If you want to double check if you have all part, you can lay out the part on the working surface

Industrial Light Fixture Assemble Plan
Industrial Light Fixture Assemble Plan

2.    Assemble

Get a 1” tee, that will be in the middle of the fixture and feed all wires through in both direction leaving enough slack for other parts.

1" black pipe tee

Then assemble the top part of the fixture where it will connect to a ceiling. Screw together flange, bushings (reducers), nipples and join fittings. 

Now, get top wires in one bunch and, with slightly twisting them together, feed them through the connected fittings. All iron fittings have sharp threaded ends. Be careful not to damage cotton covered wires insulation, as parts of the wiring will be exposed. You want them to be nice and neat.

Black pipe light fixture assemble parts
Assemble light fixture black pipes top

Next, continue with connecting parts one by one as you pull wires through them.

Continue assemble black pipe light fixture one side

You are now ready to make electrical connections to lamp sockets. When wiring sockets remember to connect hot wire to the socket base. The threaded socket is the neutral. The lamp will usually work either way, but safety comes first.

Light fixture bulb socket connection terminals
Light fixture socket electrical wire connection side view

3. Install

WARNING:  If you are not familiar with basic electrical circuits, please find someone who can do it for you safely.

The light fixture is ready for ceiling installation. First, twist all hot wires into one wire nut and connect a pigtail for easy connection. Do the same with neutral wire. We installed our fixture in the place of the old ceiling fan. The support for electrical box was sufficient to hold the piping lamp, the weight was same. As far as electrical connection, if you are not familiar with basic electrical circuits, please ask a professional to complete this step for you. Otherwise, proceed with connecting hot (usually black) and neutral wires with pigtails from your lamp. Using lag screws secure lamp base (flange) to the ceiling box. And you are done!

Industrial light fixture black pipe and twisted cotton wire
Incandescent light bulbs in the dark
Barn Door

Barn Door

Dining Room

Dining Room